Heart problems are very common, and diseases like broken heart syndrome and heart attacks can be hard to tell apart because they have similar signs. It is important to tell them apart because they have different sources, ways of working, and long-term effects on the heart.
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, also known as broken heart syndrome, has symptoms that resemble a heart attack but are actually due to something else. On the other hand, mental or physical stress, such as losing a loved one or experiencing a sudden shock, is typically what causes broken heart syndrome. Stress hormones can briefly weaken the heart muscle, which can make you feel like you’re having a heart attack.
A heart attack (myocardial infarction), on the other hand, is when blood flow to a part of the heart muscle is cut off. A blood clot usually forms in a coronary artery, which brings blood to the heart, and blocks this vessel. Heart muscle can get hurt or die from not getting enough blood, which can cause chest pain, shortness of breath, and tiredness.
Because the signs of broken heart syndrome can look a lot like the signs of a heart attack, it can be hard to tell the difference between them without seeing a doctor. People with broken heart syndrome may have chest pain or soreness, shortness of breath, and a heartbeat that isn’t beating normally. If you have broken heart syndrome, on the other hand, the heart muscle usually doesn’t get bad enough to cause permanent damage to the heart muscle.
Broken heart syndrome and a heart attack may have some of the same physical signs, but they are not the same emotionally. A recent mental tragedy or stressor is often linked to broken heart syndrome. This makes the link between the mind and heart more evident. Along with their physical complaints, patients may say they are having a “heartache” or other mental problems.
Broken heart syndrome and heart attacks both need medical help right away, no matter what the mental causes or signs are. The similarity in symptoms means that doctors need to do a full evaluation, which may include diagnostic tests like echocardiograms and blood tests, to find the exact reason and the best way to treat it.
To sum up, broken heart syndrome and heart attacks may have some of the same symptoms, but they are not the same thing at all when it comes to their causes or long-term effects. It is very important to understand these differences in order to make a correct evaluation and give the right treatment. If you or someone you know has chest pain or other signs that are similar, you should see a doctor right away to protect your heart health.