Hypotension, or dangerously low blood pressure, is a medical condition in which the patient’s blood pressure measurement is much lower than the normal range, which is normally about 120/80 mm Hg. However, what constitutes a potentially life-threatening low may vary from one individual to the next, depending on variables such as age, general health, and one’s own baseline blood pressure.
Although hypotension is not uncommon overall, its incidence varies widely across demographics. There are two fundamental forms of hypotension, the first being essential hypotension and the second being secondary hypotension.
Blood pressure readings below 90/60 mm Hg on either the systolic (top number) or diastolic (bottom number) are considered unhealthy and may be dangerously low. It’s important to remember that low blood pressure may have a wide range of effects and manifestations in the human body.
Low blood pressure may not have any noticeable effects on some individuals, but in others it may cause dizziness, fainting, disorientation, weariness, or even organ malfunction.
Treatment for life-threateningly low blood pressure must take into account both the severity of the problem and its cause.
A cardiologist or other medical professional may take the following measures to treat low blood pressure:
Dangerously low blood pressure can result in shock or organ failure, making it a medical emergency. Get medical help if you or someone you know has severe symptoms, including disorientation, quick or shallow breathing, chest discomfort, or loss of consciousness.
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