A coronary artery calcium (CAC) scan is like obtaining an instantaneous picture of your heart condition. It’s useful for estimating the likelihood that you’ll get a heart or circulatory system illness. Imagine your coronary arteries as pipes that provide blood to your heart.
Calcium builds up in the pipes over time. Like rust or hard water accumulation in plumbing, these deposits may cause problems. In the case of your arteries, this deposit is called plaque. Calcium deposits in your coronary arteries may now be detected with a CAC scan. More calcium in the body increases the likelihood of plaque buildup, which in turn increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.
When plaque builds up in your arteries, blood flow to your heart is restricted. A heart attack may be caused if a piece of plaque breaks off and lodges in an artery. So, the CAC scan lets physicians locate and quantify these calcium deposits, providing them with a signal about your risk of cardiac troubles.
It is common practice to report scan findings using a “CAC score.” An increased risk of heart disease is associated with a higher score because more calcium and plaque are present. With this knowledge, your cardiologist may take preventative action. They may recommend dietary or physical activity modifications, or perhaps medication, to help reduce your risk.
Plaque removal from the arteries is a difficult procedure that often requires a combination of lifestyle adjustments and medical treatment. Calcium imaging helps physicians assess the likelihood of plaque formation and subsequent heart problems. The heart can remain healthy and robust thanks to this early warning system that allows for prompt therapies.
While adopting healthier habits may slow the development of arterial plaque, it may not be possible to totally eliminate the problem. Effectively tailoring a strategy to your unique health requirements requires constant evaluation and consultation with medical professionals. Before making any major changes to your diet, exercise program, or medication schedule, you should always talk to your doctor.